What causes wrinkles?
The war of wrinkles starts with constant injury to the skin due to repeated extensions and compressions of your face. This results in broken elastic skin fibers. Wrinkles develop from their partial or complete inability to repair the injured elastic and collagen fibers of your skin.
This inability to repair wrinkles can be caused by a variety of factors including lowered collagen levels, the many aging processes, habitual sleeping positions, loss of body mass, or sun damage. It is also promoted by habitual facial expressions, aging, low vitamin D, sun damage, smoking, poor hydration, and various other factors.[ii] Or temporarily, as the result of prolonged immersion in water.
Lower collagen levels may impact your body’s ability to replace collagen fibers. When broken elastic fibers and collagen fibers are not restored, but replaced by altered fibers these fibers may be replaced by a “long” collagen fiber. Accumulation of “long” collagen fibers makes part of the skin looser and stiffer, therefore, a big fold of skin appears. When a “long” collagen is broken in a compressed state, it may be replaced by a “short” collagen fiber. The “shorter” collagen fibers will restrict the extension of “longer” fibers and will put the “long” fibers into a permanently folded state, essentially the genesis of a permanent wrinkle.
Wrinkles are also a result of exposure to sugars that create oxidative stress. This process called Glycation described as the Misrepair-Accumulation Aging[Iii] Theory that prevents proper cell death, creating pathogens (garbage in or on the body) resulting in systemic inflammation further impacting your immune system.
Sleep wrinkles are created and reinforced when the face is compressed against a pillow or bed surface in side or stomach sleeping positions during sleep.
They appear in predictable locations due to the underlying Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System (SMAS), and are usually distinct from wrinkles of facial expression.
As with wrinkles of facial expression, sleep wrinkles can deepen and become permanent over time, unless the habitual sleeping positions which cause the wrinkles are altered.
Pruney Finger (Pruney Effect)
The wrinkles that occur in skin over prolonged exposure to water are sometimes referred to as pruney fingers or water aging. This is a temporary Skin condition where the skin on the palms of the hand or feet becomes wrinkly.
This wrinkling response may have imparted an evolutionary benefit by providing improved traction in wet conditions and a better grasp of wet objects.
Prior to a 1935 study, the common explanation was based on water absorption in the Keratin-laden Epithelial skin when immersed in water, causing the skin to expand and resulting in a larger surface area, forcing it to wrinkle. Usually, the tips of the fingers and toes are the first to wrinkle because of a thicker layer of keratin and an absence of hairs which secrete the protective oil called Sebum.
However, more recent research shows that wrinkling is related to Vasoconstriction. Water probably initiates the wrinkling process by altering the balance of Electrolytes in the skin as it diffuses into the hands and soles via their many sweat ducts. This could alter the stability of the membranes of the many neurons that synapse on the many blood vessels underneath skin, causing them to fire more rapidly. Increased neuronal firing causes blood vessels to constrict, decreasing the amount of fluid underneath the skin. This decrease in fluid would cause a decrease in tension, causing the skin to become wrinkly.
How can you prevent wrinkles from forming on the skin?
To some degree wrinkling can be reduced by avoiding excessive sun exposure and through Diet, in particular through consumption of carotenoids, tocophenols and flavonoids, vitamins (A, C, D and E), essential omega-3-fatty acids, certain proteins and lactobacilli.
These vitamins Vitamin D is a major factor in terms of skin health.
What many people don’t know is that up to 42% of American adults have a low vitamin D level which will impact your skin’s rejuvenating capabilities. Almost every cell in your body has receptors for vitamin D including your skin.
What is the appropriate level of Vitamin D your blood should contain?
As you may have guessed this is very controversial with orthodox medicine. One study by the National Institute Of Health Report In 2010 reported that levels of 20 and 40 ng/mL are suggested.
In 2011, the respected Endocrine Society issued a report urging a much higher minimum blood level of vitamin D. Their experts concluded: “We recommend vitamin D levels of 30 ng/mL, and because of the vagaries of some of the assays, to guarantee sufficiency, we recommend between 40 and 60 ng/mL for both children and adults.”
Other non-organic methods to address wrinkles
Dermal fillers and laser resurfacing are non-organic (medical treatments) that can be used to reduce wrinkles. The application of dermal fillers are injectable products frequently used to correct wrinkles, and other depressions in the skin.
They are often a kind of soft tissue designed to enable injection into the skin for purposes of improving the appearance. The most common products are based on Hyaluronic Acid and calcium hydroxylapatite. Another treatment using botulinum toxin treats wrinkles by immobilizing the muscles which cause wrinkles. It is not appropriate for the treatment of all wrinkles; it is indicated for the treatment of glabellar lines (between the eyebrows) in adults.
Laser resurfacing is FDA-cleared skin resurfacing procedure in which lasers are used to improve the condition of the skin. Two types of lasers are used to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the face; an Ablative laser that removes thin layers of skin and a nonablative laser that stimulates Collagen production.
And don’t forget about Reflections Wrinkle Serum for an immediate effect and Reflections Ultra Firming Cream for that long lasting impact.